What is a protected area according to the IUCN definition?

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A protected area, according to the IUCN, is a clearly defined geographic area that has been recognized, dedicated, and managed in order to preserve the natural world and its ecosystem services as well as cultural values over the long term.

What is a protected area called?

Locations that are protected because of their recognized natural, ecological, or cultural values are known as protected areas or conservation areas.

What is a protected area of land?

An area that has been designated as significant and protected because of its biological diversity or its natural or cultural resources is known as a protected land area. The degree of defense varies. Nature reserves, wilderness areas, national parks, and natural monuments are a few examples of protected land areas.

What are included in protected areas?

Protected areas: for people, animals, and habitats

PAs like national parks, wildlife reserves, and conservation areas are now among the most crucial ways to preserve biological diversity on a global scale.

What are three types of protected areas?

The three types of protected areas designated for the conservation of forests and wildlife are wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and biospheres.

What is protected area and why is it important?

In the face of the global crisis of species extinction and the loss of the planet’s natural capacity to sustain all life and human existence, protected areas are an essential tool for preserving biodiversity. At the same time, maintaining healthy communities frequently depends on the protected resources.

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What is protected areas in environmental law?

In order to promote the long-term protection of nature, together with the related ecological services and cultural values, a protected area is a clearly defined geographic area that has been acknowledged, allocated, and maintained by legal or other effective measures.

What is protected area PDF?

An area of land and/or sea that is specifically committed to the preservation of biological variety, of natural resources, and of those resources’ related cultural resources, and is administered using appropriate legal and other mechanisms (IUCN 1994).

What is protected area in Wildlife Protection Act?

The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 defines protected area (PA) (WLPA). “Protected Area” is defined as a National Park, Sanctuary, Conservation Area, or Community Reserve under Section 2(24A). These are disclosed in the WLPA’s “Protected Areas” Chapter IV.

How many protected areas are there in the world?

Scientists from the IUCN and UN Environment’s World Conservation Monitoring Centre estimate that, excluding Antarctica, there are currently 202,467 protected areas throughout the world, totaling about 20 million square kilometers or 14.7% of the planet’s land surface.

How protected areas are established?

Agreements with private or community landowners whose property is a component of a protected area are used to create and administer these protected areas (usually a national park).

Which is not a protected area?

The right response is Zoo. A national park, Sanctuary, or Biosphere is a park established and safeguarded by a national government for the purpose of conservation.

What are various categories of protected areas under different groups according to IUCN?


  • The strict nature reserve category is Ia.
  • Area of wilderness, category Ib.
  • National park category II.
  • Natural monument or feature in category III.
  • Habitat or species management area, category IV.
  • Protected land or seascapes fall under category V.
  • Category VI: Protected area with natural resource management.

Why are protected areas effective?

Monitoring the success of protected areas is crucial because it aids in quantifying and comprehending the effects of investments on biodiversity, encourages accountability and transparency, and tracks progress toward local, national, and international conservation goals.

What are the important features of protected areas of India?

Difference Between National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary:

National Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Can include flora, fauna or any other objects of historical significance. Main aim is to protect a particular flora or fauna.
Boundaries are fixed and defined. There are no fixed boundaries.

What do you know about IUCN?

The IUCN is the world’s foremost expert on the condition of the natural world and the steps that must be taken to protect it. Species survival, environmental legislation, protected areas, social and economic policy, ecosystem management, and education and communication are the six commissions into which it has organized its expertise.

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Which among the following is considered a protected area under biodiversity conservation?

Wildlife Refuges

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What are protected areas Class 8?

The three different types of protected areas designated for the preservation of the forest and animals are wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and biospheres.

What is Red List criteria for IUCN?

Categories. The IUCN Red List divides species into nine categories based on nine different factors, including rate of decline, population size, geographic distribution area, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation.

What do you mean by IUCN Red List?

a list of the world’s plant and animal species’ conservation status, as directed and collected by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, which is regarded as the world’s most thorough and reliable evaluation of the risk of species extinction.

How do protected areas conserve biodiversity?

The cornerstone of biodiversity protection is protected areas; they uphold important ecosystems, offer refuge, permit species migration and movement, and guarantee the preservation of natural processes across the terrain.

Do protected areas increase biodiversity?

More effort is required, according to experts, to ensure that protections are put in place to protect these regions. “Our work has now demonstrated that protected areas offer large biodiversity advantages.

What happens when forests are declared as protected areas?

A protected forest is a piece of land that has been declared protected under the State Forests Act or the Indian Forest Act. Unless specifically forbidden, all activities are allowed in protected forests.

Do protected areas work?

A crucial tactic for preserving the environment and stemming the loss of biodiversity is the creation of protected areas (PAs). Our findings indicate that while many PAs are beneficial, many PAs have failed to reduce human pressure as a result of the heavy emphasis on expanding terrestrial coverage to 17% of the earth’s surface.

How are conservation areas protected?

Because of their distinctive or historic architectural style and look, conservation zones are legally protected. Our responsibility is to make sure that the planning process preserves and improves the character and aesthetics of conserved areas. Within the borough, there are 48 conservation areas.

What are protected areas give examples of one such kind?

National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, biosphere reserves, reserved and protected forests, conservation and community reserves, communal forests, private protected areas, and conservation areas are only a few examples of the protected places in India.

Is biosphere reserve a protected area?

Natural reserves or biosphere reserves are multifunctional protected areas with legally defined borders.

Is India part of IUCN?

Through the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change, India joined the IUCN as a State Member in 1969. (MoEFCC). In New Delhi, the IUCN India Country Office was founded in 2007.

What is protected area PDF?

An area of land and/or sea that is specifically committed to the preservation of biological variety, of natural resources, and of those resources’ related cultural resources, and is administered using appropriate legal and other mechanisms (IUCN 1994).

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What is a protected area management plan?

A management plan’s goal is to guarantee that the protected area in question is protected, conserved, and managed in a way that is compatible with the NEM: PAA’s goals and for the purposes for which it was proclaimed.

What are the 7 categories of the IUCN Red List?

The IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria are intended to be an easily and widely understood system for classifying species at high risk of global extinction.

  • Data Shortage (DD)
  • Little Concern (LC)
  • Threatened Nearly (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU) (VU)
  • Endangered (EN) (EN)
  • Immediately Endangered (CR)
  • Endangered in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX) (EX)

What is the main objective of IUCN?

The goals of IUCN are to promote and support communities across the globe in protecting the integrity and variety of nature, as well as to ensuring that all uses of natural resources are fair and environmentally responsible.

How does IUCN help in wildlife conservation?

Our mission is to promote, influence, and help all civilizations throughout the world protect environment. to guarantee that all uses of natural resources are ethical and environmentally responsible. The IUCN recently expanded the scope of its missions, moving beyond conservation ecology to include sustainable development.

What is IUCN Red List Upsc?

Information on taxonomy, conservation measures, and geographic distribution of species at high danger of extinction worldwide may be found on the IUCN Red List. The UPSC and other government examinations will cover this crucial subject.

What are the different types of protected areas?

National parks, sanctuaries, conservation reserves, and community reserves are the four types of protected areas. An place that has sufficient ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, natural, or zoological value is referred to as a sanctuary.

How are protected areas divided?

According to IUCN standards, a protected area may have natural geological or geomorphological elements, natural features that have been modified by culture, natural cultural sites, or cultural sites with related ecosystem.

Which of the following is known as total protected area?

Complete Resolution. National Parks is the right response.

Which of the following falls under the category of protected area?

Complete Resolution. National Parks is the right response.

What are protected areas Class 12?

Biogeographical regions known as protected areas are those where biological variety, along with other natural and cultural resources, are safeguarded, conserved, and managed by law. National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, neighborhood reserves, and biosphere reserves are examples of protected regions.

Why protected areas are important?

In order to sustain biodiversity, maintain ecological balance, preserve essential habitats, increase resilience to climate change, provide global food security, maintain water quality, conserve natural resources, promote economic prosperity, and stop the…