What is the difference between equality before law and equal protection of law?

In other words, there is no discrimination in the law based on a person’s gender, position in society, or date of birth. As a result, everyone is equal before the law, regardless of privilege or disadvantage. For all those who are in similar situations or circumstances, there is equal opportunity under the law, which is known as equal protection of the law.

What is meant by equal protection of law?

The concept of equal protection states that no one should be denied the same level of protection from a government’s laws. A person must be treated equally by the state’s governing body to others who are in comparable situations.

What do you understand by equality before law and equal protection of UPSC?

It means that everyone, regardless of status or position, is to be treated equally and subject to the same form of court interference. It also means that no one, rich or poor, low or high, official or non-official, is above the law.

Is equality before law and equal protection of the law is absolute right?

According to Article 14 of the constitution, “The State shall not deny to any person within the territory of India, equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws.” This indicates that everyone who resides on Indian territory has the same legal rights. Equals will be given equal treatment.

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What is the example of equality before law?

For instance, if a regular person or a government official kills someone, both will face the same legal consequences and punishment, which means the same law will apply to both of them equally.

What is equal protection of law in India example?

All people are equal in the eyes of the law, according to Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. Nobody can stop the state from providing additional benefits for women and children. For instance, it is not unconstitutional for women to have special seating arrangements in buses, trains, and metro trains.

What do you mean by equality before law class 11?

All people are equal when it is said that “all persons are equal before the law” In other words, regardless of class, caste, religion, socioeconomic status, or gender, every citizen is entitled to constitutional freedoms and rights.

What does equality before law class 8 mean?

It implies that everyone will enjoy equal protection under the law. A citizen will not be subjected to discrimination by the State because of their religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.

What is the importance of equality before law?

A fundamental concern of human existence is equality. The right to be treated equally and to be given “equal consideration” is a fundamental human right that is embodied in the principle of equality before the law.

Why equality before law is a negative concept?

The British concept of “equality before the law” is unfavorable because it implies the absence of any special treatment for particular people. Additionally, all classes are equally subject to the common law of the land, and no one, regardless of rank, is above the law.

What is meant by rule of law and equality before law?

Everyone, including lawmakers, police officers, and judges, must abide by the law, according to the rule of law. Every indivisible person is equal in the eyes of the law if they are equal before the law.

Are human rights protected by law?

The first legal document to outline the fundamental human rights that should be universally protected was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948. All international human rights law is still built on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which turned 70 in 2018.

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Where is the term equal protection of law taken from?

The idea of “equality before the law” has its roots in British law, whereas the idea of “equal protection of the laws” comes from the American Constitution.

What are the three types of equality?

Different thinkers and ideologies have emphasized the three main dimensions of equality, namely political, social, and economic, while identifying the various types of inequalities that exist in society.

Who protects human rights?

Instruments of the UN. The most significant human rights document is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, is the most significant international document pertaining to human rights.

What are the 4 rules of law?

What are the four laws? Accountability, open government, just laws, and readily available, impartial justice are the four pillars of the law. These guarantee that decisions are transparent, that laws are fairly drafted, and that the law is applied consistently. Government officials are also not exempt from the law.

What is rule of law class 9th?

In a society where the rule of law is upheld, everyone is subject to the same laws and no one is exempt. In the event that the law is broken, every citizen of the nation has the right to file a court case. In a similar vein, breaking the law can result in punishment for any citizen.

What are equality 5 examples?

15 Examples of Equality in Society

  • First, racial equality.
  • Second, gender parity.
  • 3. Equality for LGBTQ+ people.
  • #4. Equality in marriage.
  • #5. Justice for people with disabilities.
  • Sixth: Income parity.
  • #7. Access to jobs for all.
  • #8. Religious tolerance.

What are the 5 types of equality?

Political equality, equality of outcome or result, equality of opportunity, equality of treatment, and equality of membership in society are the five broad categories into which equality can be subdivided.

What are the 5 civil rights?

The right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to government services, the right to a public education, and the right to use public facilities are a few examples of civil rights.

Does law limit our freedom?

The existence of the law in no way restricts our freedom. Our freedom may be constrained by the penalties for breaking the law, not because of the penalties themselves.

What are the 7 basic human rights?

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  • First Amendment: Free and equal.
  • Protection against discrimination, Article 2.
  • Right to life, Article 3.
  • Article 4: Emancipation from slavery
  • Article 5: The prohibition of torture.
  • Article 6: The right to be respected by the law.
  • Article 7: Equal protection under the law.
  • Article 8: Justice access.
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How many human rights are there?

There are thirty fundamental human rights that are acknowledged worldwide, according to the United Nations.

What are the five basic human rights being violated?

Here are some of worst human rights violations of all time.

  • Slavery of children by the LRA.
  • forced sterilization of young, handicapped women.
  • forced Afghan women to undergo vaginal exams
  • The “Anti-Gay Bill” in Uganda
  • During the Industrial Revolution, there was child labor.
  • The American slave trade.
  • the Shoah.
  • Sex trafficking today.

How does the rule of law protect human rights?

The Secretary-definition General’s of the rule of law stipulates that it must be consistent with human rights, including the fundamental principles of equality under the law, responsibility before the law, and fairness in the protection and vindication of rights (S/2004/616, para. 6).

What is equal protection of law Upsc?

This means that everyone must be treated equally and be subject to the same type of judicial interference, regardless of their rank or position, and that no one—rich or poor, low or high, official or non-official—is above the law.

What is rule of law explain with any two points?

Rule of law, put simply, is the limitation of the arbitrary exercise of power by submitting it to clear-cut and well-established laws. Law should rule the country, not people’s arbitrary decisions. Rule of Law thus represents the doctrine of legal supremacy.

Who distinguished between law and rule of law?

Since Aristotle distinguished “the rule of law” from “that of any individual” in the fourth century bce, ideas about the rule of law have been at the center of political and legal thought. The French political philosopher Montesquieu developed a theory of the rule of law in the 18th century that contrasted the…

What are the 5 principles of law?

B. Core Principles of the Rule of Law

  1. the supremacy of the law. There must be a higher law.
  2. Power separation. The government must be divided into distinct branches.
  3. Predictable and Known.
  4. Application to all.
  5. Fair laws.
  6. Accessible and strong enforcement.
  7. a separate judiciary.
  8. Right to Take Part.

What is rule of law in simple words?

The meaning of the rule of law

the idea that all individuals and institutions must abide by laws that are fairly applied and enforced, as well as to be held accountable for their actions.