What is a spontaneous reflex your body uses to protect the airway?

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One of the body’s defenses against obstruction of the airways, the gag reflex is simple to test and frequently used. When deciding whether to place an oral or nasopharyngeal airway during CPR, its absence or presence is used as a guide.

What reflexes protect the airway?

Apnea, coughing, sneezing, secreting mucus, and airway constriction are examples of protective reflexes that shield the airways from irritants and aid in the removal of potentially harmful substances.

How does the body protect the airway?

A liquid mucus film that covers the airways is propelled by cilia. Pathogens (possibly infectious microorganisms) and other particles are captured by the mucus layer, keeping them from entering the lungs.

What type of reflex is breathing?

The Hering-Breuer reflex is initiated by lung expansion, which excites stretch receptors in the airways. Stimulation of these receptors, which send signals to the medulla by the vagus nerve, shortens inspiratory times as tidal volume (the volume of air inspired) increases, accelerating the frequency of breathing.…

What are protective reflexes?

the reflex withdrawal of the body or a body part away from painful or annoying stimulation. Also called protective response.

What are the 3 protective mechanisms of the respiratory system?

Protective Mechanisms

In the nasal cavity, hairs and mucus trap small particles, viruses, bacteria, dust, and dirt to prevent entry. If particulates make it beyond the nose or enter via the mouth, the bronchi and bronchioles contain several protective devices.

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What is the breathing reflex triggered by?

Triggered by the flow of the air, the pressure of the air in the nose, and the quality of the air, impulses from the nasal mucosa are transmitted by the trigeminal nerve to the respiratory center in the brainstem, and the generated response is transmitted to the bronchi, the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm.

What is the muscle called that is responsible for breathing?

From a functional point of view, there are three groups of respiratory muscles: the diaphragm, the rib cage muscles and the abdominal muscles.

What are the natural defenses of the respiratory tract?

In the human respiratory tree, ciliated cells and mucus-secreting cells create the barrier defense in larger airways, whereas mucus-secreting cells become less frequent and secretory cells become more predominant in smaller airways.

Is breathing fast a reflex action?

Anoxemia may produce its relatively rapid breathing by augmenting this function. The present experiments indicate the great importance of reflexes and their modification through chemical changes and suggest the breathing may be fundamentally a reflex phenomena.

What is the purpose of Hering-Breuer reflex?

The Hering–Breuer inflation reflex, named for Josef Breuer and Ewald Hering, is a reflex triggered to prevent the over-inflation of the lung. Pulmonary stretch receptors present on the wall of bronchi and bronchioles of the airways respond to excessive stretching of the lung during large inspirations.

What are the three types of reflexes?

There are three common somatic reflexes discussed in most anatomy and physiology courses.

  • Stretch (patellar, knee-jerk) reflex.
  • Reflex of withdrawal (flexor).
  • reflex of crossed-extensors.

What are the two types of reflexes?

There are two types of reflex arcs: autonomic reflex arc (affecting inner organs) and somatic reflex arc (affecting muscles).

What type of defense is a cough reflex?

Cough is a reflex arc, which acts as a defensive physiological mechanism against the inhalation of foreign bodies and the pathogens of the respiratory tract.

Which of the following helps to protect against tracheal obstruction?

Which of the following helps to protect against tracheal obstruction. larynx. The larynx is superior to the trachea in the respiratory tract. The laryngeal opening (glottis) is covered by the epiglottis during swallowing, normally preventing ingested materials from passing into the trachea.

What features of the respiratory system protect us from infection quizlet?

What feature of the respiratory system protect it from infection? Nasal hairs serve to trap particles. Cilia on the epithelium of the trachea and bronchi propel particles upward and out of the respiratory tract.

What muscle is mainly responsible for your breathing quizlet?

diaphragm. The key muscles of breathing are the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles.

Which structure is responsible for the movement of the chest cavity during the breathing process?

The diaphragm, located below the lungs, is the major muscle of respiration. It is a large, dome-shaped muscle that contracts rhythmically and continually, and most of the time, involuntarily. Upon inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and flattens and the chest cavity enlarges.

Which of the following are examples of reflexes?

A few examples of reflex action are:

  • The pupil of the eye adjusts in size in response to stimuli from light.
  • Following a pin prick, a hand or leg is abruptly and jerkily withdrew.
  • sneezing or coughing as a result of nasal irritation.
  • In response to a blow or someone stamping the leg, knees jerk.

What are the types of reflex action?

Ans- There are two kinds: autonomic reflex arcs (which affect the internal organs) and somatic reflex arcs (affecting muscles).

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What is the Hering-Breuer reflex quizlet?

The Hering-Breuer reflex is a decreased frequency of inspiratory effort secondary to sustained distention of the lungs. -It is thought to minimize the work of breathing by inhibiting large tidal volumes.

What is head paradoxical reflex?

The action of responding to artificial inflation of the lungs by breathing in abruptly, where the expected response would be the inhibition of inhalation.

What are the six common human reflexes?

Types of human reflexes

  • Biceps reaction (C5, C6)
  • Brachial plexus reflex (C5, C6, C7)
  • Extension of the digits reflex (C6, C7)
  • Triceps reaction (C6, C7, C8)
  • Knee-jerk reaction, or patellar reflex (L2, L3, L4)
  • Achilles reflex (ankle jerk reflex) (S1, S2)

What are the 5 primitive reflexes?

What reflexes should be present in a newborn?

  • Rooting reaction. When a baby’s mouth corner is touched or stroked, this reflex begins.
  • Suck reaction. The baby gets ready to suck by rooting.
  • Moro reaction The startle reflex is another name for the Moro reflex.
  • twitching neck reflex
  • reflex to grasp.
  • stepping reaction

Which is an example of a reflex quizlet?

A small amount of black pepper, for instance, causes the eye to blink in response. Grace tickles Khaleel with a feather while whistling.

What type of reflex is Babinski?

The plantar reflex, also known as the Babinski sign, is an automatic reflex that occurs in the foot in response to stimulation. The reflex was first noted in 1896 by a French neurologist named Joseph Babinski. The sole of the foot is stroked to detect the Babinski reflex, and the toe response is measured.

Is blinking a reflex?

The corneal reflex, also referred to as the blink reflex or the eyelid reflex, is an uncontrollable blinking of the eyelids that is brought on by stimulation of the cornea (such as by touching or by a foreign body), though it can also be brought on by any peripheral stimulus.

Which of the following is a reflex action?

A reflex action is an instantaneous, involuntary reaction to a stimulus. One example of a reflex action is the salivating mouth that occurs when one sees delicious food. This is a subconscious action that takes place.

What is the volume of one breath?

The volume of air inhaled with each typical breath is known as tidal volume (TV). Tidal volume is typically 0.5 litres (500 ml).

What line of defense is coughing?

Barriers that prevent harmful substances from entering your body are a part of innate immunity. These barriers serve as the immune system’s first line of defense. Innate immunity examples include the cough reflex.

Why does your body force you to cough?

Your body responds by coughing when something irritates your airways or throat. An irritant activates nerves that cause your brain to receive a message. Your chest and abdomen muscles are then instructed by your brain to force air out of your lungs in order to expel the irritant.

What keeps the trachea from collapsing?

The tracheal wall’s hyaline cartilage acts as support and prevents the trachea from collapsing. The esophagus, which is located just posterior to the trachea, can expand thanks to the posterior soft tissue.

How do you manage airway obstruction?

One may be given oxygen. Although it does not remove obstruction, saturations may improve. In cases of a life-threatening upper airway obstruction, consider using nebulized adrenaline to provide momentary relief. If there is swelling, think about using dexamethasone 0.6 mg/kg IM/IV/oral to reduce it.

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What are the 5 types of respiratory system?

Windpipe (trachea) (trachea) Lungs, small bronchioles, and large bronchi (bronchi).

What are types of respiration?

There are two varieties of breathing: The process of aerobic respiration occurs when there is oxygen present. Absence of oxygen results in anaerobic respiration.

What features of the respiratory system protect is from infection?

A liquid mucus film that covers the airways is propelled by cilia. Pathogens (possibly infectious microorganisms) and other particles are captured by the mucus layer, keeping them from entering the lungs.

Which of the following is not part of the respiratory system quizlet?

The digestive system includes the esophagus. The air will first enter the nose, travel through the nasal passages, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, and finally the lungs. Not the respiratory system, but the digestive system includes the esophagus.

What is the name of the muscle that helps the lungs for breathing to occur?

The primary muscle required for breathing is the diaphragm, which is situated below the lungs. It divides the abdominal and chest cavities and contracts to aid in lungs expansion. Intercostal muscles: These muscles, which are situated between the ribs, allow the lungs to breathe by enlarging and contracting the chest cavity.

What triggers breathing?

Your brain’s respiratory center sends signals to your diaphragm and other muscles through nerves. The lower ribs and abdomen are forced outward as the diaphragm is pulled flat. The muscles between your ribs pull your rib cage up and out at the same time. This causes the chest to open up and fill with air.

What force causes oxygen to enter the alveoli?

What drives the flow of oxygen into the alveoli? Air is forced in under positive pressure.

How does the nervous system control breathing?

system of the nervous

Your breathing rate is slowed by the parasympathetic nervous system. It causes the pulmonary blood vessels to widen and your bronchial tubes to constrict. Your breathing rate is elevated by the sympathetic nervous system. Your bronchial tubes enlarge as a result, while the pulmonary blood vessels close.

What controls the rate of breathing?

Through a variety of inputs, the respiratory center in the medulla and pons of the brainstem regulates the rate and depth of breathing (the respiratory rhythm).

What are the three reflexes?

Infant reflexes

  • Moro reaction
  • Swallowing reflex (sucks when area around mouth is touched)
  • startle response (pulling arms and legs in after hearing loud noise)
  • Step reaction (stepping motions when sole of foot touches hard surface)

What are the two main types of reflexes give one example for each?


  • There is no prerequisite knowledge or experience for a natural (inborn) reflex. These reactions are innate, i.e. acquired from one’s parents.
  • A conditioned (or acquired) reflex is one that develops over the course of a lifetime as a result of learning experiences. Ex: Typing on a computer’s keyboard.

What is an example of a simple reflex?

The contraction of a muscle in response to stretching, the blinking of the eye when the cornea is touched, and salivation at the sight of food are examples of simple reflexes. These kinds of reflexes frequently assist in preserving homeostasis.

What are reflexes and its types?

A stretch reflex, Golgi tendon reflex, crossed extensor reflex, and withdrawal reflex are a few examples of the various types of reflexes. A muscle’s quick monosynaptic response known as a stretch reflex helps to maintain balance and posture. A muscle is prompted to relax by a Golgi tendon reflex in order to prevent injury.